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身份產權——廠辦集體企業產權變革過程的一種解釋

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英文標題:

Identity Property Rights: An Explanation of Property Rights Reform in Factory-run Collective Enterprises

摘要: 在中國社會的轉型過程中,身份是縱向等級序列中的一個結構性位置或同一層級組織(個體)之間橫向的連接關系及其認同,組織與個人的稀缺性身份在特定的關系結構中得到形塑和界定,他們在社會認可的前提下依憑身份獲得、占有資源,即擁有一種“產權”。本文追尋東北某廠辦集體企業的改制過程,揭示產權界定的身份邏輯,將“身份”變量引入產權分析,考察不同身份性質的企業以及同一企業內不同身份職工的產權界定過程,發現影響企業身份產權的主要因素是企業所有制等級、企業行政級別、企業規模以及企業在社會分工中的位置和行業屬性,影響企業職工身份產權的主要因素是職工的所有制等級、職工的身份類型(干部/工人)、職稱、工種和工齡,并以此為基礎提出“身份是一種產權”這一命題。
英文摘要:

In the process of social transformation in China, identity is one of the structural positions in the vertical hierarchical sequence, or a type of horizontal connective relationship and recognition between the same level of organizations or individuals. Both the unitized identity sequence of the collectivism period, and the new dualistic social identity structure in the era of the Reform and Opening-up, show that organizational and individual identities of scarcity are shaped and defined in specific relationship structures. To obtain or possess resources through identity under the premise of social recognition indicates a kind of property right. Based on the case study of a collective enterprise in northeast China, this paper reveals the identity logic of property rights. “Identity” is introduced into the property rights analysis to investigate the property rights identification process of the enterprise organizations and workers. This paper finds that the main factors influencing the identity property rights of enterprises are their ownership level, administrative rank, scale, position in the social division of work, as well as industry attributes. Meanwhile, the identity property rights of workers depend on their ownership level, identity types (cadre or worker), professional ranks, types of work and service length. Based on these results, I propose the argument that identity is a form of property right.

作者:

王慶明

作者單位: 南開大學周恩來政府管理學院、馬克思主義社會學研究中心
期刊: 社會學研究
年.期:頁碼 2019.5:165-191
中圖分類號:
文章編號:
關鍵詞: 身份產權;廠辦集體企業;產權變革;社會轉型
英文關鍵詞:
項目基金:

本研究是國家社會科學基金重大項目“新時代中國馬克思主義社會學的理論創新和意識形態建設研究”(18ZDA163)的階段性成果。

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