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項目制治理的邊界變遷與異質性——四個農業農村項目的多案例比較

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英文標題:

Institutional Boundary Transition and Heterogeneity of the Earmarked Project System: A Multi-case Comparison

摘要:

作為一種國家治理制度,項目制并非單向擴張,而是與相關制度之間的邊界不斷推移與滲透。分稅制之后,“條條”得以膨脹,為強化“塊塊”和社會的參與激勵,國家試圖收縮項目制治理的邊界,卻導致其宏觀結構和微觀過程均更加復雜,異質性增強。基于地方激勵性和社會嵌入性雙重維度,本文對項目制的異質性展開分析,建構了壓力推動—全面動員、層級分包—抓大放小、層級卸責—以點代面以及目標技術—重點鋪開四種運作模式,它們是不穩定的博弈解,存在不斷變遷的空間。通過四個農業農村項目的多案例比較,本文探析了四種模式更細微的展現及轉化機制。

英文摘要:

As an institution of state governance, the earmarked project system does not expand infinitely, but diffuses into other institutions. During the tax distribution reformation, “tiaotiao”expands. In order to enhance incentives for“kuaikuai” and the society, the central government attempts to reduce the influences of the earmarked project system by cutting specific fiscal transfers, pulling together disparate projects, applying formula distribution, lowering local matching funds, etc. However, this results in a more complicated system. Based on two dimensions, namely local incentive and social embeddedness, this paper constructs four ideal types of project operation, including “pressure push-overall mobilization”, “hierarchical subcontracting-large project priority”, “hierarchical responsibility release-micro engineering” and “technical governance-key breakthrough”. All types are unstable solutions, therefore constantly changing. By conducting multi-case analysis, this paper compares four rural and agricultural projects, and expounds the micro-level mechanisms.

作者:

史普原

作者單位: 浙江大學國際文化和社會思想研究所
期刊: 社會學研究
年.期:頁碼 2019.5:69-93
中圖分類號:
文章編號:
關鍵詞: 項目制;國家治理;專項轉移支付;一般轉移支付;整塊補助
英文關鍵詞:
項目基金:

感謝國家社會科學基金青年項目“中國科層政治與項目制的組織選擇、張力及復合機制研究”(18CSH047),以及教育部青年基金項目(17YJC840031)的資助。

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