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棚戶區改造與新型社區建設——四種低收入者住區的比較研究

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英文標題:

Shantytown Renovation and New Type of Community Construction——A Comparative Study on Four Low-income Settlements

摘要: 2005年開啟的大規模棚戶區改造徹底改變了中國城市低收入者的人居環境,同時引發了城鎮社區巨變,超過一億人居住的棚改新區成為中國城鎮新的社區類型。本文首先概述棚戶區改造的時空演進特征與類型特征;基于四類棚戶區改造案例的實地調研,闡述了棚戶區改造前的城市社會斷裂與棚改新區低收入者居住階層地位的上升流動,并提煉出棚改新區作為中國新型社區的整體性特征;進而提出重塑社區的“根”與“魂”,以實現城市低收入者“去棚戶化”、融入城市社會的未來發展方向。
英文摘要: The large-scale shantytown renovation initiated in 2005 has completely changed the living environment of low-income residents in Chinese cities. At the same time, it has caused great changes in urban communities. The renovated communities where more than 100 million people live have become a new type of community in China’s cities and towns. This paper firstly summarizes the temporal and spatial evolution of shantytown reconstruction, its characteristics and different types. Secondly, based on the fieldwork of four types of shantytown reconstruction cases, this paper expounds the urban social rupture before the shantytown transformation and the social mobility of low-income residents in the reconstructed community. It also refines the holistic feature of renovated new community as the new type of community in China. Finally, this paper argues that it is necessary to reshape the “roots and souls” of the community in order to realize “shantytown removal” and integrate the residents into the urban society in future development.
作者:

李國慶

作者單位: 中國社會科學院城市發展與環境研究所
期刊: 社會學研究
年.期:頁碼 2019.5:44-68
中圖分類號:
文章編號:
關鍵詞: 棚戶區改造;低收入者住區;新型社區;去棚戶化
英文關鍵詞:
項目基金:

本文是2016年國家社會科學基金重點項目“大規模棚戶區改造與新型社區共同體建設研究”(批準號:16ASH002)的階段性成果。本文受到中國社會科學院生態文明研究智庫項目資助(STWM-2019-C-003)。

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